A major international conference on Boycotts - Past and Present, conceived by the International Consortium for Research on Antisemitism and Racism (ICRAR), and hosted by the Pears Institute for the study of Antisemitism, Birkbeck, University of London, will be held in London on 20-21 June 2013.
The current call for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel has generated fierce polemics but little substantive discussion or deep understanding of the different issues involved. The eponymous term "boycott" was first coined in Ireland in the 1880s during a campaign against Captain Charles Boycott, a British land agent, but the practice that it describes dates back even further.
Whether targeting institutions, political systems, commercial industries, national minorities or entire countries, boycotts have been a strategy of protest against British rule in its American colonies, slavery in the Caribbean and the Americas, Japanese aggression in China, Apartheid in South Africa, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Boycotts have also been called by activists wishing to protest a wide range of causes from sweatshop labour and predatory fishing practices to abortion and offensive advertising campaigns. In the United States, the best known and perhaps most successful boycott campaign took place during the Civil Rights movement.
Jews and Jewish interests have featured prominently in the history of boycotts. Jews were the targets of economic and political boycotts advanced by various national movements in Central and Eastern Europe such as the "Svůj k svému" (to each his own) campaign in the Czech Lands (late 19th century), the "Swój do swego po swoje " campaign in Polish lands (early 20th century), and the state-sponsored anti-Jewish boycotts in Nazi Germany and elsewhere in Europe. In response, some Jewish activists promoted a boycott of Germany, especially in the United States. More recently, Israel has been the target of repeated boycott campaigns from the Arab boycott of the 1970s to the current BDS campaigns.
This conference seeks to examine boycotts in the longue durée as part of a larger effort to understand the different factors contributing to the development of BDS and other movements that have used such means in an effort to weaken, ostracize and delegitimize specific institutions, polities, and states. Our aim is to be comparative. Specifically, we are interested in investigating the ways that different boycott movements have contested or expressed power relations, mobilized support and attempted to achieve their goals. We also wish to explore the political, ethical and legal debates that have been attached to boycott movements.
We welcome proposals for papers on boycott campaigns and movements from historians of all periods and continents as well as from social scientists, legal scholars, philosophers and other academics whose focus is on the present.
Among other issues, we are in interested in:
Speakers will be provided with accommodation and meals in London as well as support towards their travel costs.
Paper proposals of 200-300 words, together with a brief CV, should be sent to ICRAR@bbk.ac.uk by 3 December 2012.
Professor of History, Director of the Pears Institute for the study of Antisemitism, Birkbeck, University of London
Michael L. Miller
Associate Professor, Nationalism Studies Program, Central European University, Budapest
Senior Lecturer, Department of Jewish History, Head, Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism and Racism, Tel Aviv University
3 September 2012